Defining Autism, Clinically Speaking.
While the range of autism is broad and the term means something different to everyone, it is still important to understand the scientific definition so children can be properly diagnosed and receive the care they need for a better life. In clinical terms, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological, developmental disorder that can cause social, communication and behavioral challenges. ASD is one diagnosis that ranges from low-functioning autism to high-functioning autism. In the past, Asperger’s Syndrome was commonly viewed as a separate diagnosis, but the current definition includes it along the spectrum.
What does it look like? In a child, it could be difficulties communicating or socializing with others, paired with restrictive or repetitive behaviors, interests or activities that tend to get in the way of other important skills.